Haiti History

Haiti History

In Haiti's early history, following the exploration of Christopher Columbus in late 1492 and the genocide of the Haitian Arawaks under the rule of the Spanish, the nation was known as Saint-Dominique, a colony of France. Then, in 1791, a slave population numbering nearly a half million staged an uprising led famously by Toussaint l'Ouverture which could not be completely quelled by the efforts of France's Napoléon Bonaparte and swelled to triumph in 1804 with Jean-Jacques Dessalines at the helm.

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