Haiti is a country very vulnerable to earthquakes. The Island has been hit with many quakes in its history. Here is a list of some of the most devastating earthquakes that struck Haiti:
1564 Concepción de la Vega and Santiago de los Caballeros
1701 Tiburon Peninsula from Leogane to Petit Goave
1751 Port-au-Prince earthquake (18 October):
1770 Port-au-Prince earthquake (3 June):
1783 Santiago de los Caballeros quake
1842 Cap-Haitien earthquake
1946 Dominican Republic earthquake
2010 Haiti earthquake (12 January)
Léogâne was at the epicenter of the 7.0 magnitude 12 January 2010 earthquake
Léogâne's second bout with an earthquake measuring 7.0 or higher on the Richter scale was more devastating for the small town than it was for anywhere else in Haiti. Between 80-90% of the infrastructure, including all government buildings, a precious school and part of a hospital were lost.
As Hurricane is expected to bear down on Haiti, motivated the island's National Contingency Plan (NCP) to release information of what to expect when the storm landed. NCP offered no preparedness tips, but a litany of alarming predictions: the death rate will soar, rural migrations to urban areas will multiply, and disease will be endemic.
More than half a million nationalists are in danger; a 100,000 increase from 2012's forecast. The government is unable to provide adequate services for the ballooning populations.
The devastating earthquake of 2010 that had hit Haiti took its toll by killing 316,000 people and injuring another 300,000. Apart from that, 1.3 million people were displaced with total of 97,294 houses being destroyed and another 188,383 being destroyed alone in Port-au-Prince. Petit Paradis was hit by a local tsunami that claimed at least 4 lives. Other areas like Les Cayes, Jacmel, Luly, Petit Goave, Anse a Galets and Leogane were also hit by local tsunamis.
Over 22 billion US Dollars were collected to help the reconstruction of Haiti, which was devastated by the 2010 earthquake. Reports say that only 1% of the funds actually reached the Haitian government while more than 94% of the collected funds went back to the military and civilian entities of the donors. Some of the money that entered Haiti went in the construction of Korean sweatshops and luxury hotels and thousands and thousands of Haitians are still living in tents. Hunger has become an epidemic in the country and clean water is not available to most of the Haitians.
The Clinton Bush Haiti relief funds that were targeted for helping the poverty stricken Haitians suffering because of the 2010 earthquake have been invested in construction of a 5 star luxury hotel called Royal Oasis. Precisely US $2 million were invested in building the luxury hotel with the leaders of the nation defending it as a magnet for international businessmen and rich travelers who can help build new factories and develop tourism industry respectively and thereby helping in more job creation. However, the experts think of it as an unwise decision and call it as skepticism and an overly cautious optimism.
Venezuela was "the first country to respond", became the first country to forgive Haiti's foreign debt after the quake.
Venezuela was also one of the first countries to deliver emergency assistance to Haiti after the quake
Following the earthquake, Venezuela sent 400 personnel to establish camps for the internally displaced in five towns: Jacmel, Petit Goave, Grand Goave, and Leogane. These camps served 5,413 families - over 25,000 individuals
Power plants installed by Venezuela after the earthquake supply 20 percent of Haiti's electricity
After the 2010 earthquake, foreign governments, international institutions, and philanthropists pledged $13 billion and collected more than $9 billion in public and private donations for humanitarian aid or reconstruction in Haiti
(2013 update) Hunger ravages the country, no clean water, many still living under tent About "94% of humanitarian funding went to donors' own civilian and military entities such as: U.N. agencies, international NGOs and private contractor The Haitian government got less than 1% of direct aid