It has been reported that President Michel Martelly pay an unannounced visit at the private residence of Prime Minister Gary Conille who was conducting a meeting with members of the Senate and insulted many of them. The meeting was with the Senators G-16 and other Senators at his private residence. The allegation was that the Senators were plotting a Coup D'Etat against President Michel Martelly.
Senator Steven Benoit accused president martelly for threatening his life and stated to that if anything happens to him, the population knows who to point the ginger to, in referring to President Martelly.
Here is a picture of Francois Duvalier as he was transferring power to his son Jean Claude Duvalier.
François Duvalier was the President of Haiti from 1957 until his death (22 October 1957 - 21 April 1971). Unlike other Haitian chief executives, he ruled his country using extreme violence (causing nearly 30,000 deaths) and phony elections to hold down any opposition. To consolidate his power, he reduced the size of the army and, with his chief aide, Clément Barbot, organized a private army "the Tontons Macoutes" (Bogeymen). In 1959, when he was stricken by a heart attack, Barbot acted in his stead. However, upon recovery, Duvalier (Papa Doc, because he was trained as a physician) promptly imprisoned his aide Barbot. He took the title of "President for Life" in 1964 and remained in power until he died in 1971. On Duvalier's death, power was transferred to his son 19-year-old Jean-Claude ("Baby Doc") who succeeded him as president and Jean-Claude Duvalier, became the second-generation "President for Life".
In this interview, Michel Martelly who was elected as the new president of Haiti talked about the ongoing reconstruction of Haiti after the earthquake,
He wants transparency in the reconstruction of Haiti. He want to make sure the projects are good for Haiti before he giving his approval. Martelly also said that he has already identified some lands and financing sources to built permanent housing for the people under the tents.
Here is Eustache Antoine Francois Joseph Louis Borno, Haitian politician who was President of Haiti from 1922 to 1930.
He served during the period United States occupied Haiti.
After a Haitian mob killed President Vilbrun Guillaume Sam in 1915, in the legation of France, where he had taken refug, U.S. troops landed in Haiti. They organized the election where , Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave, became president. Borno was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs under President Joseph Davilmar Théodore. One major event that Louis Borno was involved in was his refusal to cede financial control of the country to the United States. The United States responded by confiscating the reserves of the National Bank of Haiti.
Here is a picture of the ceremony for the removal of presidential sash from President Michel Martelly.
On Sunday, February 7, 2016, Michel Martelly made his farewell speech to the nation as he left his office without any replacement. His day of departure coincidentally became the first day of Port-au-Prince's annual three-day Carnival celebration, which was called off as violent protests erupted in many places. It was as well as the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Duvalier dictatorship. Martelly left the country in the hands of a disputed interim government amid one of the worst political crises in recent years-- and without a president. However, an agreement for a transitional government was reached just twenty two hours before Martelly left his office. To symbolize his departure, Martelly returned the presidential sash to the National Assembly by handing it over to the then National Assembly President Jocelerme Privert.
Here is a picture of Jocelerme Privert on the night of February 13 to 14, 2016 taking the oath of office as new Provisional President of Haiti.
On 14 February 2016, Jocelerme Privert (February 1, 1954) was elected by the Haitian politicians as the interim Haitian President to fill the vacuum after departure of former President Michel Martelly on February 7, 2016. His other contenders for the post were Edgard Leblanc Fils and Dejean Bélizaire. Privert received 77 votes (13 Senate + 64 Lower House) to defeat Leblanc with 56 votes (10 + 46) *. Bélizaire received only 2 votes. On February 14, the parliament of Haiti met in the National Assembly and elected Jocelerme Privert as the interim president.
Earlier, before the departure of Martelly, an agreement was signed with the proposition that the interim President will hold his office for 120 days and remain responsible to organize the overdue presidential election on April 24, 2016 and install a new President on May 14, 2016. Overruling the Haitian constitution on deals between the executive and legislature, the agreement was signed by Martelly, Privert, and the Speaker of the House and it was brokered by the OAS members.
How Jocelerme Privert came into power
The contest was between Jocelerme, Edgard Leblanc Fils and Dejean Belizaire. After the first round of voting, Privert led the Senate but had lost the Lower of Chamber of Deputies to Leblanc. After discussions and negotiations, a second vote was held. Privert finished with a combined 77 votes, Leblanc's 33, Belizaire finished with two.
The first woman in Haitian history to become President, Ertha Pascal-Trouillot was born in August 1943. She became provisional President of Haiti in 1990 as she was chief justice at the time. She attended school at Lycée François Duvalier and was mentored by Ernst Trouillot who became her husband
Erta Pascal-Trouillot was a teenager when Duvalier took power and became the first woman justice of the Supreme Court of Haiti as a result of her excelling in school.
Pascal-Trouillot became interim president of Haiti, March 13, 1990; left office February 7, 1991, for duly elected president, Rev. Jean-Bertrand Aristide
This was an attempt from former Duvalier official to take over power via a coup D'Etat. On January 6th, 1991, as president Jean Bertrand Aristide wan the post Duvalier election, a coup D'Etat was orchestrated by Roger Lafontant, a Tonton Macoute leader. Following the bloodless coup, Roger Lafontant, seized power abd declared himself president. An imposing number of the newly elected Jean Bertrand Aristide took to the streets to protest the Coup D'Etat. Several strategies were developed by the Tonton Macoute leader, Roger Lafontant, but to no avail.
The international community and the Organization of American States condemned the Coup attempt. Finally, General Herard Abraham reestablished order. It was estimated that over 75 people were killed in the violence that erupted in Port-au-Prince.
On July 31, 1991, Former Coup D'Etat mastermind Roger Lafontant was sentenced to life in prison for his attempted coup. He was killed in prison during a coup later that year.
Former Haitian President and military officer Prosper Avril arrested on charges of plotting against the state,
It made international news in May of 2001 when former Haitian president, Prosper Avril, who was in office from 1988 to 1990, was arrested at a restaurant in popular Petion-Ville, and charged for "plotting against the state." In an almost ironic twist, the scene of the arrest was Avril's book signing for The Black Book of Insecurity, a sort of tell-all focusing on crime victims in Haiti. His arrest that week made the second apprehension of a non-Lavalas party member, a fact which didn't go unnoticed in the then Aristide-run nation.