The upper house of the bicameral legislature, the Senate, currently holds 30 seats. But, before the 2003 formation of the Nippes Department, the Senate had just 27. In the memorable 2000 elections, the Fanmi Lavalas party, that of the ex-President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, held all but one of those seats. Following his administration's ousting in February of 2004, Senate was not in session and an interim government was installed after the subsequent rebellion. During that period, those Senators who remained were not recognized as such.