Here is a picture of General Paul Magloire being decorated by Haitian President Dumarsais Estimé
Magloire was from the rising, black middle-class in Haiti. "Kanson Fé" or "Iron Pants"), as he was known, Magloire overthrew the disastrous regime of President Elie Lescot in 1946. He later allowed the election of a liberal black president, Dumarsais Estimé. When President Dumarsais Estimé, tried to extend his term of office in 1950, with the help of a local elite, Magloire ousted him and took power.
Paul Magloire ("Kanson Fé) being Decorated by President Dumarsais Estimé
Paul Eugène Magloire (July 19, 1907 - July 12, 2001) was a Haitian general's son. He joined the army in 1930 and became Police Chief of Port-au-Prince in 1944. In 1946, he participated in a successful coup against President Élie Lescot. In 1950, while he was serving as an army general, he ousted President Dumarsais Estimé with the help of a local elite and installed himself as ruler.
Before the long dictatorship of the Duvaliers which took the country back again in a period of oppression, his period of rule as president between 1950 and 1956 is marked as a period of unusual peace and efforts at modernization. Many consider Magloire's period as Haiti's golden age - during his era, tourism reached at its peak and Haitian coffee exports drew high prices. He refurbished towns and built roads, a cathedral, public square, the country's first major dam and other infrastructure projects and cultivated good relations with the Dominican Republic. Attempts were made to invite foreign investments and implement economic and social planning. Women were given voting power and direct popular election of the president was introduced.
However, the good days ended in 1954 when Haiti was hit by Hurricane Hazel. The hurricane inflicted heavy damage on the economy, relief funds were stolen, and Magloire's popularity fell. After two years, he was ousted by the military and went into exile in New York. When François Duvalier took the presidency, he stripped Magloire of his Haïtian citizenship. At the end of Duvalier dictatorship in 1986, when Jean-Claude Duvalier (Baby Doc) fled to France, Magloire returned to Haiti. He was an unofficial adviser to Henri Namphy, who briefly ruled Haiti in 1988. It was a mark of appreciation for his past deed to the country.
The mulattos were happy under the reign of Magloire because their shameless privilege and racism received patronage and reached the apogee of their power, and Magloire's tough stand (Kanson Fé) with the mulattos took them to a height of command and enjoyment. He restored the elites to the prominence.
Here is a picture of Haiti International Airport during the government of Dumarsais estime.
The History Of Toussaint Louverture International Airport. Toussaint L'Ouverture is the busiest Haitian international airport located in Tabarre, near Port-au-Prince. In the beginning, during the 1940s, it had been both a military and civil airport. Later, during 1950s and 1960s, it served as a U.S. military base in Haiti. In 1965, with the grant money collected from the "People of Haiti" (lottery, taxes, etc.,) and the U.S. government, the airport was developed in the name of then President François Duvalier. In 1986, it was renamed as Port-au-Prince International Airport. The name was changed again in 2003 by President Jean Bertrand Aristide in the honor of the Haitian revolutionary leader of Toussaint Louverture. The airport was severely damaged in the 2010 earthquake. President Martelly has opened the newly repaired arrival terminal on 25 November 2012. The main building serves as the International terminal. It houses two-story concrete and glass structure, few retail stores. Immigration and check-in facilities are located on the ground floor. The "Guy Malary Terminal" is used for domestic flights. There are specified areas for general aviation and cargo flight. The airport has three jet bridges, mobile stairs, and the ramp can handle 12 planes. There is a renewal program that to be completed by 2015.
The administration of Dumarsais Estime included a coalition of dissidents who led opposition to previous regimes. He did not receive lot of support from the American government who viewed his government unfavorably. His government was labeled left-wing. Dumarsais tried to solidify ties to the United States by exaggerating the communist threat to his government.
Here is a picture of two former Haitian presidents, Elie Lescot and Dumarsais Estime.
Unlike many previous governments in Haiti, Dumarsais Estime was not part of the opposition that fueled the uprising against the government of Élie Lescot.
Following several Month of political dealing under an interim government that was formed with Haitian, Dumarsais Estime was elected in a very close election that took place in August 1946. He was considered to be the first black Haitian president since the US occupation of Haiti.
Here is a picture of former Haitian president Dumarsais Estime.
Accorting to the Haitian history, former Haitian president Dumarsais Estime was born poor in the small city of Verrettes. He was fortunate enough to have a family member who was interested about him, specifically an uncle, who took him to the Haitian Capital.
Dumarsais Estime, very focused individual, obtained a law degree and started teaching in Port-au-Prince. With an interest in the politic of his country, he started making a name for himself and paid a price for that after he was exiled during the government of Louis Borno. Upon his return into the country, Dumarsais Estime joined Haiti's nationalist movement in 1930 and became an outspoken opponent of the United States occupation of Haiti.
This is the Haitian President Leon Dumarsais Estime who governed Haiti from 1946 to 1950.
Before becoming president, Dumarsais Estime became an excellent Deputy. he was at the time one of the few Black in the Haitian Parliament.
He became close to the elite, Mulato sector in Haiti after marrying into mulato elite. His career took off during the government of Stenio Vencent when he became Minister of Education
Here is a picture of the former Haitian president Dumarsais Estime.
Estipme was born a very poor man in the region of Verrettes. His uncle gave him the chance to move to the capital city of Port-au-Prince where he persued his education. He became a lawyer and briefly practiced law before accepting a teaching job.
Dumarsais Estimé joined Haiti's nationalist movement in 1930
Here is a classic picture of Dumarsais Estime and Paul Magloire.
Dumarsais Estime was largely unable to deliver on his economic promises in Haiti during his government. In addition, the United States Government imposed strict tax controls.
In Haiti, large American companies associated labor officials to communists. In light of all these challenges, Dumarsais Estime issued a call to the Haitian people to sacrifice and help raise money. A popular national campaign became very effective with $7.6 million went towards debt payment.