Did you know that Haitians and Haitian-Americans represent the second largest black immigrant group living in the United States today?
Center for American Progress estimated that there are 3.7 million black immigrants currently in the United States. With the number of Haitians living in the US estimated at 676,000, we are only second to Jamaicans whom their number is estimated at 693,000. We may well surpass the Jamaicans if you want to take in consideration the Haitians living without legal documentation.
- 48 percent of all black immigrants come from the Caribbean,
- 43 percent come from African countries,
- 3.6 percent come from South America.
In 2015, there were about 676,000 Haitian immigrants in the United States. It was a significant rise from the 2010 figure of 587,000. Haitians account for nearly 2% of the U.S. foreign-born population. Out of the total 3.7 million immigrants in the U.S, 8.8% of the immigrant population are black. They come from a diverse group of countries, primarily in the Caribbean, Latin America-- 48% of them come from the Caribbean, 43% of African countries, and 3.6% from South America. Recent statistics show that the largest individual home countries of black immigrants in the United States today are Jamaica (693,000), Haiti (668,223), Nigeria (306,874), Ethiopia (244,924), and Trinidad and Tobago (242,661). In 2015, there were 619,000 unauthorized black immigrants living in the U.S. As per Centre for American Progress Report, about 29% of the black immigrants aged 25 and older hold a bachelor's or advanced degree, similar to the rate for all immigrants (30%) and overall U.S. population. Black immigrants from Africa are more likely than Americans overall to have a college degree or higher.
It is important to note that there were no numbers of Haitian immigrants before 1932 because then Haitians were the classified as Caribbean immigrants. Haitians started immigrating to the United States in the early 1800s, but did not receive much attention until the 1950s and early 1960s when Haitian immigration to the U.S. began to increase visibly. While just 5,000 Haitians lived in the United States in 1960, beginning in December 1972, a stream of Haitian "boat people" fled the brutal Duvalier dictatorship in Haiti for the United States. In May 1981, U.S. immigration officials began detaining all undocumented Haitians without the possibility of bond.
During 1950s and 1960s, the migrated Haitians were professional and highly-skilled workers, the Haitian educational and economic elite that were exiled by Duvalier. In the mid 1970s, Haitian immigrants were lower-middle class (known as boat people). Like many Latino groups of immigrants, Haitian immigrants initially intended to return to their homeland, but cannot because of unstable political and poor economic reasons.
Here is a picture of an immigrant child that appeared with audio recording in June 2018. This picture appeared to capture the voices of small Spanish-speaking children is crying out for her parents at a US immigration facility. This image had become a symbol of family separation by the Trump Administration.
New US Visas and scholarships scam targeting Haitians. On February 22, 2016, a note of caution has been issued by the US Embassy in Haiti alerting the Haitian people who are seeking U.S visa or intend to apply for U.S scholarship over the internet. A group of racketeers using Sophia Martelly's name, is falsely claiming that they can arrange both. They are using the following email addresses: (i) firstname.lastname@example.org; (ii) email@example.com, with a point of contact named Samuel at +509-3990-6218 and an accountant named Evelia Jean Charles. The note issued advises people to stay away from these racketeers and every aspiring individual must know that the US Embassy never authorize any person or group to arrange US visa or scholarship. The only way to get them is through a direct contact and application to the US Embassy.
Depite Wayne Monroe nan Bahamas panse li jwenn solisyon an pou pwoblèm ilegal ke peyi l ape fè fas jodi a. Li pwopoze ke gouvènman bahameyen an kòmanse tòtire ak touye moun yo k ap viv la san papye, imigran ayisyen espesyalman. Avoka bahameyen sa reyalize ke tòtire ak touye imigran ilegal, an patikilye Ayisyen, se yon mezi piman bouk; sepandan, li panse li pral sèvi kòm yon prevantif bay moun ki panse pou dezobeyi lalwa imigrasyon bahameyen. Dapre depite Monroe, "Si imigran ilegal, patikilyèman Ayisyen, te konnen nou te ap tòtire ak touye yo, yo pa ta vini"
Dapre dènye figi, apeprè 50,000 imigran ayisyen kounye a ap viv nan Bahamas. Wayne R. Munroe se Prezidan aktyèl ak pase nan Bahamas Bar Association. Yo te admèt li nan Bar nan Angletè ak Wales nan 1990. Li posede kabinè avoka Munroe & Associates, epi li pi popilè deyò nan Bahamas paske li te reprezante Anna Nicole Smith.
Deputy Monroe proposes torture, death to illegal Haitian immigrants
Deputy Wayne Monroe of Bahamas thinks he has the solution for the current illegal problem faced by his country. He proposes that the Bahamian government starts torturing and killing the people living there without paper, specially illegal Haitian immigrants. The Bahamian lawyer realizes that torturing and killing illegal immigrants, Haitians in particular, would be a harsh measure; however, he thinks it will serve as a deterrent to those thinking about breaking the Bahamian immigration law. According to Deputy Monroe, "If illegal immigrants, particularly Haitians knew we were going to torture and kill them, they would not come"
According to the latest figure, close to 50,000 Haitian immigrants are currently living in the Bahamas. Wayne R. Munroe is the current and past President of the Bahamas Bar Association and was admitted to the Bar of England and Wales in 1990. He owns the firm of Munroe & Associates, and is most famous outside of the Bahamas for his representation of Anna Nicole Smith.
Many Haitians in Canada have been living under a moratorium which allowed them to remain temporarily in Canada due to the fact that conditions in Haiti was unstable. The moratorium was renewed regularly until 2014 when the previous conservative government in Canada decided to do away with it. Since, an estimated 3,500 Haitians have been living in limbo in Canada until today when the new government of Justin Trudeau decided to restore the moratorium. According to the government, this stay will give the government time to clarify the issue. With this decision, there is a possibility that the government of Justin Trudeau is in the process of finding a more permanent solution, which is likely to allow these Haitians to remain in the country permanently.
Justin Trudeau nan Kanada retabli moratoryom pou imigran Ayisyen
Anpil Ayisyen nan Kanada te ap viv anba yon moratoryom ki te pèmèt yo rete pou yon ti tan nan Kanada akòz kondisyon an Ayiti te enstab. Moratoryom sa te renouvle regilyèman jouk 2014 lè gouvènman anvan nan Kanada deside fini ak moratoryom sa. Depi sa, yon estime 3,500 Ayisyen te ap viv nan suspann nan Kanada jouk jounen jodi lè nouvo gouvènman Justin Trudeau deside retabli moratoryom la. Dapre gouvènman an, sa ap ba li tan pou gouvènman an klarifye pwoblèm nan. Avèk desizyon sa a, gen yon posibilite ke gouvènman Justin Trudeau ka jwenn yon solisyon plis pèmanan, ki se yon chans pou pèmèt Ayisyen yo rete nan peyi Kanada pou tout tan.
Here are some of the haitians proudly displaying their new passport as Brazil Granted Permanent Residence to 43,781 Haitians.
Brazil's government has signed an agreement with Justice Minister Jose Cardozo and Labor Minister Miguel Rossetto to extend legal permanent residence to more than 40,000 Haitian migrants smuggled into Brazil the past half decade. The agreement allows Haitian refugees a year to secure a foreign resident ID document, which will give them rights like access to government services.
Brazil has increased the number of refugees it will accept from 4,218 (2012) to 8,400 in 2015.
Taking into consideration the ongoing problem with falsification of visas, passports and travel documents by many Haitian citizens, the United States and Haiti agree to form a mission to deal with the problem.
Haiti and U.S. Band Together to Fight Travel ID Scams
In an effort to combat counterfeit visas, passports, and other travel IDs, Haitian Justice Minister, Pierre-Richard Casimir, and U.S. Embassy in Haiti Charge d'Affaires, Brian Shukan, joined forces to take preventive action and also investigate such crimes impacting both nations.
Haitians, victims of travel ID scams, whose cases will be heard by Ministry authorities, will help in the prosecution of scammers falsely claiming they are U.S. Consulate representatives.
From the turn of the century until around 2014, Human trafficking organizers from India found an opportunity in Haiti. A major Human trafficking ring was evolving between Delhi, India and Haiti where people would arrange fake documents, with the help of the passengers to reach Haiti. After living there for about a month, they would leave Haiti to either Cuba or the Bahamas until they reach Miami and Florida.
United States Embassy worked closely with the Indian government to fight human trafficking and stop that particular route in human trafficking and illegal immigration. Until 2014, the route between Delhi, India and Haiti was the most-preferred route for human traffickers as it was less time-consuming. US officials
Foreign affairs experts are now suspecting new routes for Indians to reach the US. There is a San Salvador-Havana-Mexico route. An official of an airline who did not want to be identified said that a more direct route was via London, Amsterdam to Miami.