Human Trafficking In Haiti
Haitian children trafficked for sex and labor to the Dominican Republic and The Bahamas. The majority of trafficking cases are found among the estimated 90,000 to 300,000 restaveks in Haiti, and the 3,000 additional restaveks who are trafficked to the Dominican Republic.
Haiti for being the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere is a primary source for human trafficking. It is a country where 80% of the populations live below the poverty line and 54% are in abject poverty. A large number of Haitian children are regularly trafficked for sex and labor to the neighboring Caribbean countries, mostly to the next door neighbor Dominican Republic. Child domestic workers ("restavec" in Creole) are perhaps amongst the most exploited sectors in Haiti of whom 65% are girls between the ages of 6 and 14. Most of Haiti's trafficking cases are restaveks. In a UNICEF report following the 2010 earthquake, it was found that homeless children, children separated from families and many children picked up from the hospitals were shipped outside the country for money. Some of the trafficking agencies work in the disguise of child adoption organizations. The Government of Haiti employs very minimum efforts and made limited progress in anti-trafficking activities, neither it provides any direct or specialized service to the trafficking victims.