James Theodore Holly sees Haiti as opportunity for blacks to establish Black nation
A descendent of free slaves in the United States, Reverend James Theodore Holly was baptized and confirmed as Roman Catholic, but left and joined the Episcopal Church in 1851.
He sees the newly independent Caribbean Island of Haiti as an opportunity for blacks to bind together and establish a Black nation in the Western world.
During various governments, he traveled to Haiti in order to negotiate an emigration treaty with the country. Holly later requested from the Board of Missions of the Episcopal Church to be sent to Haiti to serve as a missionary, but was denied. After serving as consul for Liberia at Port-au-Prince from 1864 to1874, Holly was consecrated missionary bishop to Haiti. He continued to live and work in his adopted nation of Haiti, returning rarely to the United States, until his death in 1911