Did you know that Haitians and Haitian-Americans represent the second largest black immigrant group living in the United States today?
Center for American Progress estimated that there are 3.7 million black immigrants currently in the United States. With the number of Haitians living in the US estimated at 676,000, we are only second to Jamaicans whom their number is estimated at 693,000. We may well surpass the Jamaicans if you want to take in consideration the Haitians living without legal documentation.
- 48 percent of all black immigrants come from the Caribbean,
- 43 percent come from African countries,
- 3.6 percent come from South America.
In 2015, there were about 676,000 Haitian immigrants in the United States. It was a significant rise from the 2010 figure of 587,000. Haitians account for nearly 2% of the U.S. foreign-born population. Out of the total 3.7 million immigrants in the U.S, 8.8% of the immigrant population are black. They come from a diverse group of countries, primarily in the Caribbean, Latin America-- 48% of them come from the Caribbean, 43% of African countries, and 3.6% from South America. Recent statistics show that the largest individual home countries of black immigrants in the United States today are Jamaica (693,000), Haiti (668,223), Nigeria (306,874), Ethiopia (244,924), and Trinidad and Tobago (242,661). In 2015, there were 619,000 unauthorized black immigrants living in the U.S. As per Centre for American Progress Report, about 29% of the black immigrants aged 25 and older hold a bachelor's or advanced degree, similar to the rate for all immigrants (30%) and overall U.S. population. Black immigrants from Africa are more likely than Americans overall to have a college degree or higher.
It is important to note that there were no numbers of Haitian immigrants before 1932 because then Haitians were the classified as Caribbean immigrants. Haitians started immigrating to the United States in the early 1800s, but did not receive much attention until the 1950s and early 1960s when Haitian immigration to the U.S. began to increase visibly. While just 5,000 Haitians lived in the United States in 1960, beginning in December 1972, a stream of Haitian "boat people" fled the brutal Duvalier dictatorship in Haiti for the United States. In May 1981, U.S. immigration officials began detaining all undocumented Haitians without the possibility of bond.
During 1950s and 1960s, the migrated Haitians were professional and highly-skilled workers, the Haitian educational and economic elite that were exiled by Duvalier. In the mid 1970s, Haitian immigrants were lower-middle class (known as boat people). Like many Latino groups of immigrants, Haitian immigrants initially intended to return to their homeland, but cannot because of unstable political and poor economic reasons.
Here is a picture of bill Clinton in Haiti holding the hand of a child as they are entering a home
Haiti holds a special place in the hearts of Bill and Hillary Clinton. When they were married in 1975, one of their friends presented a honeymoon vacation in Haiti for them and it was an eye opening journey. Once in an interview Bill Clinton said Hillary and I share the same memories, same concerns and we both love the place and always feel a special responsibility for Haiti and its people. The Clinton Foundation alone has directed $36 million to Haiti since 2010. Another $55 million has been spent through the Clinton-Bush Haiti Fund. Clinton Foundation led the Haitian reconstruction effort following the devastating earthquake and vowed to help the country "build back better," so that if any disaster struck the country, it can respond in a more efficient and quicker way. In 2009, Clinton visited Haiti when places around Gonaives, were devastated by hurricane damage in 2008. Since the 2010 earthquake Clinton had visited Haiti a number of times to oversee his foundation's work and the reconstruction effort carried on by several other organizations. In May 2010, during his first joint trip with George Bush, it was noticed that George W. Bush wiped his hand on Bill Clinton's shirt after shaking hands with a crowd of Haitians.
Hillary Rodham Clinton's brother Tony Rodham became a board member of VCS Mining when the company was granted a lucrative 5-year permit to mine gold in Haiti. The permit was the first to be granted in over 50 years with a privilege to renew the mining project in Morne Bossa for up to 25 years. One of the factors that raised eyebrows was the timing of the permit. The exceptional permit was issued two years after the earthquake when major relief works in Haiti were carried on by Tony's brother-in-law former President Bill Clinton¡¯s own foundation through Haiti Recovery Commission. The deal was controversial, because Haiti has an estimated gold reserve of $20 billion and the Haitian government was agreed to accept a royalty rate from the VCS Mining which was at least half the standard rate at 2.5%. Another VCS board member was Jean-Max Bellerive, a former Haitian prime minister who also co-chaired the same Haiti Recovery Commission; he was involved to persuade Haitian Senators to support the project. Tony Rodham is the youngest brother of Hillary Rodham Clinton. He is a former prison guard, private detective and a former repo man who used to work to secure foreign financing for a company.
Six years after the earthquake, a majority of Haiti is still in disrepair. In last March, some Haitians protested outside of the Clinton Foundation in New York. As per their claim 'Clinton Foundation' has stolen ¡°billions of dollars¡± which was meant to help rebuild Haiti after the devastating 2010 earthquake. In an earlier protest in January, they had alleged that the Foundation wasted money more than $10 billion and awarded contracts to non-Haitian companies where Haiti was used as a cover to receive kickbacks. The activists claimed that Bill Clinton stole that amount of money through the 'Haiti Reconstruction Commission' which was headed by none other than himself and the evidence of these crimes, over 32,000 emails, were deleted by Hillary Clinton from her email account which was connected to a privately-owned server, instead of government email accounts maintained on secured federal servers. A book published in March 2015, was titled as "Clinton Cash: The Untold Story of How and Why Foreign Governments and businesses Helped Make Bill and Hillary Rich.¡± The book investigates the connections between the Clintons' wealth, the Clinton Foundation, and decisions Hillary Clinton made as the Secretary of State.
Recently, between May 4th and 6th, several representatives of the Clinton Foundation visited Haiti to explore possible opportunities and new markets for Haitian craft products. The foundation members met several Haitian artisans, entrepreneurs and small business owners, representing retail, fashion and manufacturing sectors. Since the 2010 earthquake, the Clinton Foundation has remained committed to Haiti's long-term recovery by focusing on economic development and job creation by highlighting Haiti's unique art and handicraft products that are part of the Haitian tradition. The foundation helps Haitian artisans to expand their operation through improved production facilities and process by strategic assistance. The Haitian craft sector is one of the most neglected sectors, almost overlooked by the Haitian administration.
Former US President who was one of the architects to provide subsidies to US farmers and presently the Co-chairperson of Haiti's earthquake recovery Commission has now realized that such policy was a 'mistake'--it has not worked in Haiti. There is no doubt that reduced food price was unquestionably a necessity because it allowed people to eat, but at the same time price reductions have also negatively affected rural Haitians. During the 1980's Haiti was self sufficient in rice, but today it imports 60% of its overall food supply and 80% of its rice from US because it is cheaper to import than produce. The farmers during the harvest season are sitting idle in the fertile valleys; dumped foreign rice in the Haitian market has eclipsed Haitian production, farmers are jobless. Huge subsidies received by US farmers have unfairly deflated international prices. As a result poorer nations are finding it difficult to get self-sufficient and develop their economies by expanding markets abroad.
Chelsea Clinton in an email to her mother and father explained some of the problems see has been able to observe regarding the Haitian relief efforts.
Recently, on September 1, the U.S State Department has released an email from Chelsea Clinton, addressed to her "Dad" and "Mom". In the email sent, sometime in 2010 after Chelsea's four days visit to Haiti, she did warn her parents that the United Nation's handling of international relief efforts in Haiti excepting UNICEF was a disaster; an immediate change in the organization, management, accountability and delivery paradigm on the ground is needed. Otherwise, we have to confront with the deaths of thousands of children of diarrhea, dysentery, typhoid and other water-related diseases in the near future. Her criticisms were mainly focused on the efforts of the UN and international NGOs. She had described the UN people as "frequently out of touch," "anachronistic at best and arrogant and incompetent at worst," The story does not end here....
During the period when Hillary Clinton was with the State Department as Secretary of State between January 21, 2009 to February 1, 2013, the USAID had disbursed $3.6 billion for Haitian "earthquake relief". At the same time, her husband, former US president Bill Clinton, was collecting money on behalf of Haiti to his own private foundation from foreign governments. When Hillary Clinton resigned from the State Department, her brother Tony Rodham, out of the blue, luckily got an appointment as a director of a company which had managed to acquire a lucrative gold mining contract in Haiti. Haitian lawyer and human rights activist, Ezili Dantò has accused Bill Clinton responsible for $6 billion collected on account of Haitian relief fund. Dantò has claimed that only 1% of this amount was made available to the Haitian government.