On Saturday, July 14, Haiti Prime Minister Jack Guy Lafontant declared in the lower house of Haiti's legislature: "I submitted my resignation to the president of the republic", who has "accepted my resignation". With this statement, the Prime Minister had managed to avoid a likely vote of no confidence to stepped down.
Mr. Lafontant took office less than one year and half ago, in February 2017. On Saturday, the Haitian parliament had been debating whether or not to give Lafontant a vote of confidence for more than three hours. With the resignation of the prime minister, Haiti now has no functioning government. President Jovenel Moise will need to dominate a new Prime Minister.
Haitian Prime Minister Jack Guy Lafontant resigned Saturday, on July 7, 2018, amid calls for him to step down over his handling of a failed plan to raise fuel prices. The announcement of the government's plan to raise fuel price set off a wave of deadly protests and took at least 7 lives. Lafontant resigned on second day of violent protests sparked by the now-abandoned plan to raise fuel prices. He submitted his resignation before the call of a no-confidence vote, which had the possibility to lead his removal. The prime minister is the second highest official in Haiti, after the president. While speaking in the lower house of Haiti's legislature on Saturday, he said, "Before coming here, I presented my resignation to the president of the republic."President Moise confirmed via Twitter that he had accepted Lafontant's resignation along with those of other Cabinet members.
Mr. Lafontant, a 57-year-old doctor, was relatively unknown until he was handpicked by President Jovenel Moïse 16 months ago. In this light, chamber president Gary Bodaeu wrote on his Twitter account that the legislature "is at a crossroads in history; it must assume its responsibilities."
Plan to hike the fuel price is a part of the plan to reduce subsidy under an agreement with the government with the IMF for granting a low interest loan amounting to $96 million under "Staff-Monitored Program (SMP). The opposition MPs in Congress warned that if the price increases were reinstated there would be more violence and protests on the streets. On Thursday, July 12, 2018, the IMF has suggested for a more gradual approach, a step-by-step withdrawal of subsidy which will ultimately generate the exchequer a fund totaling around $300 million (£226m). The IMF said scrapping the fuel subsidies would allow more money to be spent on key areas including health and education.
Here is a picture of Dr. Jack Guy Lafontant. He is a medical Doctor who was selected by President Jovenel Moise in March, 2017 to become the new Haiti's Prime minister.
The choice of Jack Guy Lafontant to become the new Prime Minister was not expected. He has no government or political experience
Here is a picture of former Haitian Prime Minister Marc Luis Bazin heading Haiti Defacto government.
While Bazin never won the presidency, he was briefly made Acting Prime Minister, under the rule of General Raoul Cedras. The public's reception of this move was not positive, and the problem that was creating such a palpable glass ceiling for Bazin was abundantly clear. Even though he was, like the masses, black, his apparent backing by the U.S. made him unfavorable. Despite his track record of not succombing to corruption, the American affiliation, and his public image as being in league with the bourgeoisie, would hold him back. Bazin settled into life as a popular journalist and commentator, but would continue again to run for president of the country.
here is a picture of the Six candidates who want to become the next Prime Minister of Haiti under Head of State, Jocelerme Privert
Mirlande Manigat, presented by the JISTIS platform
Edgard Leblanc Fils, proposed by the majority bloc in the Chamber of Deputies
Fritz Jean, proposed by the civil society and human rights organizations
Jacques Sampeur, proposed by the G30,
Joanas Gay, proposed by the platform Vérité
Simon Dieuseul Desras, presented by the platform Palmis
During his first press conference on February 19th, 2016, Jocelerme Privert, the provisional president of Haiti, announced the names of six probable contenders for the Prime Minister's seat. They were: Ms. Myrlande Manigat (representing JISTIS platform), economist Fritz Jean (proposed by the civil society and human rights organizations), former Senator Edgard Leblanc Fils (proposed by the majority bloc in the Chamber of Deputies and the minority bloc in the Senate of the Republic), Jacques Sampeur (proposed by the G30), former Senator Simon Dieuseul Desras (proposed by the platform Palmis) and former Minister Joanas Gay (proposed by the platform Vérité). However, after extensive discussions in the Parliament on Wednesday, February 24, that number reduced to three, Mirlande Manigat, Edgar Leblanc Fils and Fritz Jean. Finally, economist Fritz Jean was chosen by Haiti's provisional President Jocelerme Privert on late Thursday, on February 25, 2016.
Here is a picture of Haitian President Jocelerme Privert with the newly named Prime Minister Enex Jean-Charles.
After the rejection of Haiti's interim president Privert's first Prime Minister Nominee Fritz Alphonse Jean by the parliament, President Privert proposed another name as Prime Minister Nominee, Enex Jean-Charles. Jean Charles is a civil servant and professor of administrative law and a longtime adviser of the National Palace. Following the verification of his eligibility criteria by the Special Parliamentary Committee, the new Prime Minister has received the approval of the Haitian Chamber of Deputies with 78-1 votes. His 15-member cabinet has received approval from both the Senate and the Lower Chamber. Earlier to this appointment, he was one of Privert's advisers and president in the ministerial cabinet as Minister of Planning and External Cooperation in the eventual government of Fritz-Alphonse Jean. He has many published research reports and articles on administrative matters to his credit. He is a well known figure in the international community of professors, politicians and community leaders. Enex Jean-Charles is well known in politics since 1988. He is a friend of everyone, but with fewer enemies.
Vote of confidence on the general policy of Prime Minister Enex Jean-Charles on March 24, 2016
On March 25, 2016, after receiving the vote of confidence on his general policy in the Senate of the Republic, the new Prime Minister Enex Jean-Charles said, he felt honored because the Senators have bestowed confidence on his general policy. Earlier in the day, the Chamber of Deputies approved his general policy statement with 78-1 votes; 2 deputies remained abstained from voting. With this approval, now the country has a new Prime Minister and a 15-member cabinet. It is a definite positive move during the transitional period until a new president is elected as per February 5th, 2016 agreement and a critical step toward concluding postponed elections.
In Favor: 20 Senator, 78 Deputies
Against: 0 Senator, 1 Deputy
Abstention: 0 Senator, 2 Deputies
If you think you are seing double by looking at Haitian Prime Minister Fritz Jean and Prime Minister Evans Paul you are not crazy. It is in fact just that the two Prime Ministers of Haiti side by side. Not only they are side by side, they are both Prime Ministers at the same time under the Provisional President Jocelerme Privert. As the confusion is unfolding to know which of these two individuals who has the reall authority as Prime Minister, Mr. Fritz Jean just deposited his required document at the Haitian Parliament for verification and at the same time enjoys the security and services accorded to a Prime Minister. On the other hand, Mr. Evans Paul still considers himself as Prime Minister since he did not give his official resignation as Prime Minister