The Flag of Haiti changed by Jean- Jacques Dessalines, Alexandre Petion and Francois Duvalier
The Flag of was taken directly from the French Flag. On May 18, 1803, after Haiti independence from France, Jean- Jacques Dessalines, chief of the black rebels removed the white band from the French flag and created the first Haitian flag. This is to symbolize the union between the African and Mulatos who fought side by side to make Haiti an independent nation. Few Months after the biggest fight that took place in Vertieres, close to the city of Cap-Haitian, Jean- Jacques Dessalines decided to change the flag On January 1, 1804 and the bands were then horizontal.
The Haitian Flag was changed after Dessalines proclaimed himself Emperor; at that time, he introduced a new flag of two vertical bands On May 20, 1805; one black, for Death, and one red, for Freedom.
Alexandre Petion changed all that by reverting the Haitian flag to the blue and red flag of 1804 and added the inscription "L'union fait la force" which means "strength in unity".
This flag remained until François Duvalier, Papa Doc, came into power in 1957. At that time, he introduced a new flag on May 25, 1964, black and red. After the removal of Jean-Claude Duvalier from office in February 1986, the Haitian flag was reverted to the blue and red flag.