Military - Haitian Military
In November 11, 1915, the Haitian President Sudre Dartiguenave was forced to sign a treaty with ratification by the Haitian Senate The document legitimized the US occupation and put Haitian finances and government under the control of the US for the next 20 years. The controversial amendment also aimed to disbanding the Haitian army and permit foreign land ownership that had been outlawed since the Haitian Revolution. However, the reluctant lawmakers rejected that notion and rather began drafting a new anti-American constitution, but under U.S pressure, that bill was kept undecided by President Dartiguenave till 1929. In 1929, a series of strikes and uprisings against the U.S initiated the withdrawal of U.S Marines from Haiti. In 1934, in concert with "Good Neighbor Policy" introduced by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, U.S Marine was officially withdrawn from Haiti except retaining fews for maintaining economic connections.
Here is a picture of the 26th promotion of the PNH.
The national Human Rights Network(RNDDH) revealed individuals with criminal records are some of the police academy who graduated on Tuesday..
On Tuesday, May 10, 2016, the Provisional President Jocelerme Privert accompanying Prime Minister, Enex Jean-Charles attended the graduation ceremony of the 26th promotion of the National Police of Haiti (PNH) at the Police Academy (Road of Frères). Over 1573 applicants, 1474 new agents were qualified, including 186 women. However, as per RNDDH (National Network for the Defence of Human Rights), 84 of these new graduates have past criminal records. As per their shared list, the following facts were revealed: (a) 16 were former prisoners who evaded during the 2010 earthquake; (b) 16 were members of different criminal gangs; (c) 10 were involved in rape, in some cases involving minor children; (d) 7 were involved in assassination; (e) 3 having problem with the justice system for possession of illegal guns; (f) 3 were involved in crime with gun; (g) 2 individuals deported from U.S. for their involvement in robberies and abuse on minors; (h) 1 individual was involved in kidnapping. Should we allow the police academy to become a training center for criminals?
Here is a picture of some Soldiers of Haiti Corps of Military engineers as their demand to secure the country.
On September 3, 2015, within the bilateral framework between Haiti and Ecuador, 40 new Haitian soldiers of engineering body were graduated under an eight months training program that started back on January 12, 2015. A Military Engineer is usually responsible for building, maintaining, controlling and sometimes destroying structures and vehicles used for military operations. They remain responsible for maintaining lines of military transport and communications and as one of the oldest form of engineering, it is also regarded as the precursor of the civil engineering discipline. The graduation ceremony was organized at the Training School of Ecuadorian Army soldiers (Escuela de Formación de Soldados del Ejército) at the Champ de Mars located at the northern exit of Ambato, the third city at the south of Ecuadorian capital Quito, in the presence of the Brigadier General, Edison Narváez Rosero, the Commander of the Command of Education and Doctrine of the Army (CEDE). The support of Ecuador to the establishment of a defense force in Haiti was decided during a meeting between the former Haitian President Martelly and his counterpart Rafael Correa while the Haitian President was on an one day official tour in Ecuadorian capital Quito in November 2014.
Here is the picture of the Seven demobilized soldiers of Haiti FAD'H who were arrested in St. Mark.
As per the announcement of Jean Joras Sydney, the Commissioner of Police of St. Mark, on April 14, 2016, the National Police of Haiti (PNH) with the support of MINUSTAH have arrested seven demobilized soldiers of the disbanded Armed Forces of Haiti (FAd'H) from the office of an old building belonging to the Frecyneau police station, in the southern part of the capital city. These soldiers were in olive green uniform and came from towns of Jacmel and Petionville. The police was alerted by the local people about the presence of these former military members. During the operation, there was no exchange of fire. They were arrested peacefully while some of the arrestees were in sleeping condition.
Haitian Defense Minister, Jean Rodolphe Joazile announced that Haiti will soon be forming its armed forces. He reported that this decision came after the support received from France, Brazil, Uruguay and Ecuador. He reported that the initial batch of recruits will be trained in the countries supporting Haiti and that 50 men from different backgrounds are already undergoing training in Ecuador and will be replacing the Ecuador's armed forces operational in Petite-Riviere in Artibonite. Joazile said that no labels will be attached to the armed forces because all that matters is to have Haitian armed forces who can take control and protect the vulnerable and fragile nation.
It can only take place in Haiti.How is it possible for men called themselves demobilized soldiers, Remobilized Military, etc., to act with such confidence and arrogance.
Remember Haiti currently has a police force, a seating president and United Nations forces in the form of MINUSTAH
Who is providing security for the Haitian population? certainly, not the current forces.
Is it time to come out and state clearly that the Haitian population has no security?
Should we say that these forces have proved incapable of handling security issues in Haiti?
Himmler Rebu unsuccessful coup d'etat against Prosper Avril
In april, 1989, Rebels surrendered control of Port-au-Prince's airport. It was later found out that Haiti was once again in a middle of a Coup D'Etat. Lt. Col. Himmler Rebu, commander of the Leopards Battalion, Col. Phillipe Biamby and Col. Leonce Qualo were given safe passage to the United States.
Three army officers who tried to overthrow the country's leader, Lt. Gen. Prosper Avril were arrested but later, they were driven by military escort to the Dominican border on their way to the United States on April 4, 1989. These three officers were Lt. Col. Himmler Rebu (38 years old in 1989), commander of the Leopards Battalion; Col. Phillipe Biamby (36), commander of the presidential guard, and Col. Leonce Qualo (35), an administrative officer at army headquarters. Some loyal soldiers of Lt. Gen. Prosper Avril rescued the Lt. General as he was being driven away to be deported. General Avril's wife, Marie-Ange, and her mother were taken captive during the coup with the general, but were released within an hour. The government freed these three soldiers of the failed coup attempt from prison as it bowed to pressure from the mutinous soldiers who held General Avril's one of the four sons as hostage. These three army officers were associated with Jean-Claude Duvalier before he was deposed in 1986.
Here is a picture of Guy Philippe celebrating after he led the 2004 coup d'état against Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
Guy Philippe (February 29, 1968) is a Haitian politician, former Tonton Macoutes leader and a presidential candidate (Front for National Reconstruction, a guerrilla group) in the Haitian General Election, 2006 who led the 2004 Haitian coup d'état that ousted Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Philippe was a former Haitian Police Chief, trained by U.S Special Forces in Ecuador in the early 1990s and he was once wanted by the United States for smuggling cocaine. In the year 2000, he was accused of masterminding a coup and was subsequently removed from his post as police chief of Cap-Haïtien and Philippe fled to the Dominican Republic. In February 2004, he returned from the DR, met former militia leader Louis-Jodel Chamblain to join the 2004 Haitian coup d'état against president Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
Here is a picture of Corp des Leopard In Haiti, Haiti Military.
During the rule of Jean-Claude Duvalier (Baby Doc) the Leopard Corps In Haiti was created in 1971 with United States' assistance as a "counter-insurgency" force to provide support with a relatively modern tool for responding to country's internal threats and to balance two powers between the Haitian Armed Forces and the Tonton Macoutes (became the Volontaires de la Securite Nationale or VSN after 1962 with around 9,000 members). However, the Leopards were described by human rights investigators as "particularly brutal in dealing with civilians" (its activities were often suppressed). Some of Haiti's subsequent paramilitary leaders got their start in the Leopard's camouflage outfit. James Byers, the CEO of Miami based Aerotrade who was in charge to train the leopards, had later admitted before camera in mid 1980's, that Aerotrade did this under CIA contract. The force, consisting 700 members, was Duvalier's a personal security force where the participating members required a higher education level to join. 'Corps des Léopards' was disbanded within a month of an attempted coup in 1989.
Here is a picture of some former military of FADH in the streets of Port-au-Prince in February, 2016.
Haitian army was disbanded by former Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide in 1995, because of their notorious record of toppling Haitian governments since the country's independence two centuries earlier. Ironically, Aristide himself was twice ousted in coups; last and the second time, he was toppled by a US-backed military coup back in 2004. In last November, President Martelly and Prime Minister Evans Paul through a decree, the "Conseil Des Ministres", energized the former army men by taking steps to revive the armed forces. A Defence Minister was named, unit of military engineers was recreated, and some recruits were sent to Ecuador for training. Jean Fednel Lafalaise, a former sergeant in his 60s told Reuters, we need a commander-in-chief and a high command at the head of the military so that we can function normally. Earlier, President Martelly has repeatedly pledged that the army would be revived to protect the border, coastlines and the country's few remaining forests. However, following the election debacle, the ex-military people were seen rallying in support of both the outgoing President Michel Martelly and his hand-picked candidate Jovenel Moïse for the next presidential race. While driving through the capital in convoys, some of them were waving weapons and firing into the air.