In the 1930s, US invaded Haiti and introduced a racist policies carried out by U.S. Marines. An overall preferential but still racist treatment of Haiti's Mulato elite. During and after the American occupation in Haiti, a movement started that turning the intellectual class toward a greater appreciation of blackness, African culture. Francois Duvalier campaigned on this political ideology Noirism or Negritude Movement
"Noirisme Ideology" was defined by Matthew J. Smith (2004) as an ideology "which advocated total control of the state apparatus by black representatives of the popular classes." It is a form of political and cultural ideology that grew out of indigenism (ideologies associated with indigenous peoples), which in turn was a reaction to the American occupation of 1915 to 1934, and until the 1940's when Haiti gained back the control of its national bank. Although "color politics" were an integral part of Haiti's political scenery long before the arrival of the Marines, their presence served to strengthen the problem. During this period of U.S occupation, Haiti put an end to the Franco-German control of the Haitian economy and permanently shifted towards the U.S. However, Smith himself considered this as incomplete definition unless Occupation and post-Occupation scenarios in Haiti are considered and factors like radical, psychological, cultural, ethnological and political ideologies are taken into account.
After the slave revolution, the Haitian Elite or upper class was comprised of Haiti Military class, Haiti's Mulato class and free Blacks. This picture is the lovely wife of Emperor Faustin Soulouque, Adelina who is a member of the Haitian elite class.
Wealthy families could only married into wealthy families. Poor women could only be mistress
The Haitian Elite or upper class is always comprised of Military class, Haiti's Mulato class and free Blacks. An estimate suggests that about 1% of the total population, constitute the Haitian bourgeoisie--an elite group that the world rarely focuses on. They are often related through years of intermarriage and business dealings. They are educated, worldly, multilingual and rich, sometimes exceedingly so (about 300 are millionaires). A few of them are black, some are white, and most of them are mixed who have separated themselves from ordinary black Haitians in every respect. Pétionville's discothèques, casino, and health spas are packed on the weekends with affluent Haitians-- it is where you can witness the disparity of Haiti's wealth. The society is trapped in cycles of poverty, corruption and exploitation. Some of them have prospered mainly in the import-export or textile businesses. One percent of Haitians control 50 percent of the country's economy, and its top 500 taxpayers generate 80% of its tax revenues. In 2013, Haiti had a GDP of $8.199 billion, and 95% of that was roughly in the hands of about 10 families (eleven or twelve extended families in Haiti, many of them linked through marriage over many generations).
What you are looking at is a picture Clifford Brandt as he was detained by Haiti National Police for his involvement in a kidnapping case. The matter is being investigated by Haitian police. Haitian authorities said Clifford Brandt played a central role in the kidnapping of two Moscoso children.
What you are looking at is a picture as Brandt led the investigating policemen to the place where the two children were held. The police freed the children and arrested Brandt. as he was accompagned by Police. He was taken into custody for Kidnapping.
According to report, Clifford Brandt took the investigating policemen to the place where the two Moscoso children were held after being kidnapped. The police freed the children but arrested Brandt.
This is a picture of Former President of Haiti, Elie Lescot.
A Haitian Mulato elite, born in Saint-Louis du Nord to a middle-class family. Haitian history would inform us that Elie Lescot completed his secondary education in the historic city of Cap-Haitian. Then, he moved to the city of Port-de-Paix where he became involved in the import export business.
Elie Lescot put his feet into the water of Haitian politic in 1911. By 1914, he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies two years later.
What you are looking at is a picture Clifford Brandt in a police car taking them to the place where two kidnapped children were held.
Clifford Brandt is a businessman in Haiti. He operates a car dealership in Port-au-Prince, in Delmas. His father, Fritz Brandt, heads a famous rich Haitian family running extensive export-import businesses.
What you are looking at is a picture Clifford Brandt as he is entering Police station in Port-au-Prince.
A lawyer hired by the Brandt family agreed that Brandt had led police to the place of kidnapping. However, he said his client did not participate in kidnapping. His defense is that Brandt had organized the children's removal in a family dispute.