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Lysius Salomon

Ida Faubert born as Gertrude Florentine Felicitee Ida Salomon

Ida Faubert born as Gertrude Florentine Felicitee Ida Salomon

Here is a picture of Ida Faubert who was born as Gertrude Florentine Félicitée Ida Salomon. She was the daughter of Haitian President daughter of Lysius Salomon

The daughter of a president of Haiti, Gertrude Florentine Félicitée Ida Salomon, is also known today by the name she took upon her second marriage, Ida Faubert. An infamous bit of information about her origins is the fact that her mother was the stepdaughter of her father. While the information was widely known, it wasn't acknowledged in public. Perhaps this origin story, as many such skeletons in family closets do, fueled the crucible that would inspire Faubert's illustrious career as a poet. Up to her death in 1969 Ida published many novels, many with deeply personal undertones such as the one about the death of her daughter who died still child.

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Haitian President, Lysius Salomon

Haitian President, Lysius Salomon

Here is a picture of Haitian President, Lysius Salomon.

The life of former Haitian President, Louis Lysius Félicité Salomon Jeune, before he became leader of the country was riddled with stages of discord for his family with various factions. He was born in Les Cayes in 1815, and his family were an influential set who often clashed with the elite mulattoes of the south where they lived. They were forced to flee the country to live in exile in Neyba during the rule of Charles Riviere-Hérard.

This exile would not be the only one endured by Salomon. With a shift in power, as the rule of the country turned over to Faustin Soulouque, the soon-to be-president returned to Haiti and was named minister of finance, a role he would keep until Soulouque was removed from power. At that time, Salomon had to, yet again, flee Haiti in exile, living in Paris and London until it was safe for him to return.

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Arch of President Lysius Salomon

Arch of President Lysius Salomon

This is a picture of the Arch of President Lysius Salomon

Under the administration of Lysius Salomon, Haiti began using the postage stamp issued by the International Postal Union, the country was linked to Cuba and Kingston through Môle Saint-Nicolas and Port-au-Prince respectively by a cable company out of Britain, and the ranking in the Haitian army underwent a radical reorganization.

While he made many advancements for the company, his determination to clear Haiti's debt with France put him in the crosshairs of exiled rebels seeking a coup. The last four years of his presidency were riddled with numerous rebellions from the Cacos, a military group. The zenith of these fights would be "Bloody Week" in which scores of people including merchants, foreigners and those of the elite were murdered as government buildings were set ablaze.

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Lysius Salomon established Haiti National Bank

Lysius Salomon established Haiti National Bank

Here is a picture of Haiti National Bank that was established under the presidency of Lysius Salomon

One of Haiti's past presidents has the legacy of being one of the most productive of the line in the both past and present. He was President Lysius Salomon, who lived from 1815 to 1888, and ruled the country from 1879 until just months before his death. From a wealthy family in Les Cayes, Salomon was privy to a good education that left him with the right background to become Minister of Finance under Faustin Soulouque following a brief exile of his family to Neyba. His role in this capacity would result in his second exile, to Europe, because of the piracy and smuggling that came out of the administration's rule.

When he returned to the country in August of 1879, Salomon was made president, and he made quick work of establishing the National Bank. The following year he was able to resume the debt payment owed by Haiti to France. The early years of his rule saw great advancements in Haiti as he sought to raise the country's productivity and education level, strengthen its overall economy and even boost its army.

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