Jean-Baptiste Riche instrumental in 1807, siege of Port-au-Prince
Jean-Baptiste Riché was instrumental in Christophe's victory at the Battle of Siebert on January 1, 1807. During the siege of Port-au-Prince in 1811,
Jean-Baptiste Riché ousted President Pierrot with the supports of his capable rebel mulattos along with much of the support of the Haïtian army. After becoming the president, his first act was to restore the Constitution of 1816 which was practically the revised version of the Constitution of 1806 written by Alexandre Pétion. He created the "Maison Centrale", a boarding school for homeless boys. He died on February 28, 1847 while in his office due to the overdose of Cantharide aphrodisiac properties. The Riché's presidency is often considered as ineffective by some historians. However, it is an established fact that he opened many ways of changes in the Haitian political landscape that were followed and adopted by some of his succeeding administrators. Thus, his presidency is often considered as the turning point in the history of Haïtian politics.