The Haitian government has a structure of Checks and balances. However, in practice that has not been the case.
Following the exile of the Dictator Jean Claude Duvalier, a new Constitution was created. Beside promoting a Democratic system in Haiti, the new constitution wanted to established three branches of government with a system of Checks and Balances.
However, this proved hard to do. The Executive branch naturally became the branch with more power. It holds many tools that the other branches do not have at their disposition, including the power of nomination
As a new government was established to comply with the agreement reached at El Rancho Hotel, the population has noticed several new faces. Among the new members are Duly Brutus, Reginald Delva, Nesmy Manigat, Rudy Heriveaux, Lener Renauld, Joseph Patrick Sully, Monique Rosann, and Himler Rebu, just to name a few.
Duly Brutus replaced Pierre Richard Casimir by becoming Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship. Nesmy Manigat who was one of the members of the bipartisan Commission negotiating and forer Advisor to the Prime Minister, became Minister of National Education and Vocational Training.
Former Lavalas member, Mr. Rudy Heriveaux, was appointed Minister of Communication, replacing Josette Darguste.Former Director General of the Institute for the Protection of National Heritage (ISPAN), Monique Rosann replaced Josette Darguste as Minister of Culture. Former Major of FADH Lener Renauld was appointed Minister of Defense. Former colonel Himmler Rebu, was appointed Minister of Youth, Sports and Civic Action.
The upper house of the bicameral legislature, the Senate, currently holds 30 seats. But, before the 2003 formation of the Nippes Department, the Senate had just 27. In the memorable 2000 elections, the Fanmi Lavalas party, that of the ex-President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, held all but one of those seats. Following his administration's ousting in February of 2004, Senate was not in session and an interim government was installed after the subsequent rebellion. During that period, those Senators who remained were not recognized as such.
Thirty seats make up the Haitian Senate, the National Assembly's upper house, and the ten administrative departments each seat three members there. In the past, senate presidents have included, Dejean Belizaire, Edgard Gardy Leblanc, Yvon Neptune, who sat for two years from 2000 to 2002, Yvon Feuille who gave up the seat in 2004, Joseph Lambert, whose tenure lasting for only months during 2006, and Kely Bastien, the current president of the senate.
Jacques Thimoléon Stevenson, the Deputy of Petit-Goâve has been elected as the new President of the Chamber of Deputies after Jean Tolbert Alexis, deputy of Croix-des-Bouquets on 15 January 2014. He is a good leader, former President of the pro-Martelly majority bloc PSP and member of many other important office committees. During his tenure in PSP, it had remained constantly supportive to the present administration and it is believed that he will remove many roadblocks on policy implementation by Martelly-Lamothe administration. Yesterday, the Senate President, Simon Dieuseul Desras has renewed his term for a third term by 14/4 votes.
Here is a picture of the new President of the Chamber of Deputiesin Haiti. Jacques Thimoléon Stevenson, deputy of Petit-Goâve was elected to replace Jean Tolbert Alexis, deputy of Croix-des-Bouquets.
He has been the President of the bloc in the Lower House "Parliamentarians for Stability and Progress" (PSP)
Me Francisco René who recently replaced Me Lucmane Delille in office as the Prosecutor of Port-au-Prince received his revocation on November 27, 2013.
Me Francisco René was the 9th Commissioner of Government under President Michel Martelly.
He followed a long list of Commissioner of Government like Me Lucmane Délille, Me Jean-Claude Dabrésil, Me Elco Saint-Amant, Renel Sénatus, Harrycidas Auguste, Sonel Jean François, Félix Léger and Lionel Constant Bourgouin.
since October 30, 2012. An appointment that has already attracted the protest even before the installation of the new Commissioner.
His appointment in the post caused controversy and finally he was obligated to leave
A new minister for the Ministry of Haitians Living Abroad (MHAVE) was ushered in recently by the current MHAVE Acting Minister, Pierre-Richard Casimir. In his role, Marc-Élie Nelson is expected to take up the mantle left by the former Minister, Joseph Leprince Augustin. At the ceremony, various officials from the Haitian government were witness to Mr. Nelson's ascent to the post, including the Political Advisor to Haitian President, Michel Martelly. Following the appointment, members of the Grand Rally for the Evolution of Haiti (GREH) proclaimed that his new appointment hadn't been sanctioned by the organization, of which Mr. Nelson was President.